Cologne Bayenturm [drawing]
Cologne Bayenturm

Pen and ink, approx. ? × ? cm (image only). The editors of the Library Edition describe the image as a “a sketch of Cologne: the Rhine, bridge, and unfinished cathedral in the distance; in the foreground to the left, tower and shipping” (Ruskin, Works, 2:351 n. 3). The drawing is a copy of “Cologne”, by Samuel Prout (1783–1852), in Facsimiles of Sketches Made in Flanders and Germany (1833). The lithograph depicts a river scene dominated by the thirteenth╚Écentury Bayenturm, the southern watch tower and city gate of the medieval city wall. Ruskin omits the foreground figures sitting on the wharf in Proutʼs lithograph, and he eliminates much of the wharf itself that strongly defines the horizontal axis of Proutʼs foreground. At the same time, he brings closer the distant buildings in the north along the river, rendering Cologne Cathedral more distinct. Ruskin sketches the medieval crane that stood atop the southern tower of the cathedral for centuries. The silhouette of the cathedral shows the phase in which construction was suspended from the fourteenth through the mid╚Énineteenth centuries, from the completion of the Gothic choir in 1322 to the resumption of construction of the south towers in 1842–80. Ruskin also picks up from Prout the old bridge of boats extending horizontally across the river from the vicinity of the cathedral, defining the north horizon of the picture.