Ehrenbreitstein Fortress [drawing]
Ehrenbreitstein Fortress

Pen and ink, approx. ? × ? cm (image only). The editors of the Library Edition describe the image as a “sketch of the Rhine with the fortress high on the hill, and the town below” (Ruskin, Works, 2:355; a facsimile of the page of MS IX containing this drawing and the opening portion of verse is bound opposite p. 355). Ruskin based his vignette on an engraving, Ehrenbreitstein by Robert Wallis after J. M. W. Turner, published in the Keepsake for MDCCCXXXIII (p. 84 opp.) (see Hewison, Warrell, and Wildman, Ruskin, Turner, and the Pre‐Raphaelites, 45). Turnerʼs engraving is not a vignette, but a full‐page, broadside rectangle. In order to reframe the image as a vignette, Ruskin may have looked for models to Turnerʼs own vignettes in the 1830 edition of Rogersʼs Italy (the vignette heading the poem “Como” most resembles the subject). Another possible model is a vignette engraving after David Roberts, Drachenfels, published in The Pilgrims of the Rhine (1834) by Edward Bulwer‐Lytton (p. 100). Robertsʼs Rhine view is suggestive of Turnerʼs Ehrenbreitstein scene, but contained in an oval vignette.